Kurt Cobain formed the alternative rock group, Nirvana, in 1985. He was born in Aberdeen, Washington, and went on to pioneer the style of music known as grunge rock in Seattle. The name Nirvana refers to the concept in Buddhism that Kurt described as “freedom from pain, suffering, and the external world.” He died tragically in 1994, having lived a compassionate life. Rest in peace, Kurt.
Written mainly by John Lennon, this song was recorded at Abbey Road Studios on April 13th, 1965. The Beatles are at the top of their game here, Lennon on lead vocals and 12-string rhythm guitar, McCartney on bass and backing vocal, Harrison on lead guitar and backing vocal, and Ringo rocking drums and percussion.
Also known as “Bapu,” or “father,” among the people of India, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, at Porbandar in the state of Gujarat. He is best known for helping to win national independence for India through the practice of nonviolent civil disobedience. When he was nineteen Mohandas travelled to London to study law. Returning in 1891, he sought to establish his legal practice in Bombay, but was unsuccessful, possibly because he was too kind to effectively cross-examine witnesses. In 1893, at the age of twenty-four, Gandhi moved to South Africa, where he would spend the next two decades of his life. While living there he devoted himself to gaining human rights for the Indian population in South Africa, as well as for women and for people of color. From 1915 until his death in 1948, he labored for the cause of peace, freedom, and independence for the Indian nation. England granted their independence in 1947, and the land was partitioned into two sections, Hindu-majority India and Muslim Pakistan. Gandhi passed away while struggling to establish peace in his beloved country.
3 great quotes
“Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
“Hate the sin, love the sinner.”
“Where there is love there is life.”
Rest in peace, Mahatma Gandhi.
One of the most beloved literary voices of the 20th century, Flannery O’Connor was a Southern writer and devoted Roman Catholic born in Savannah, Georgia, in 1925. She wrote two novels and two books of short stories, often examining questions of morality and ethics, in a style classified as Southern Gothic. Faith and the Gospel of Jesus Christ are also prevalent subjects of her writing. O’Connor’s father passed away in 1941, when she was only fifteen years-old, and the following year she went to Georgia State College for Women, where she earned a social sciences degree. She was accepted by the Iowa Writers’ Workshop at the University of Iowa in 1946, and published her first novel, Wise Blood, in 1952. In response to remarks about her emphasis on “grotesque” characters in her stories, she replied, “anything that comes out of the South is going to be called grotesque by the northern reader, unless it is grotesque, in which case it is going to be called realistic.” She faced some fairly harsh criticism from some of her critics and contemporaries, but she endured it gracefully, and much of her work portrays troubled people who experience God’s divine grace. Prior to publication of her first novel Ms. O’Connor was diagnosed with lupus, a cross she would have to bear for the next thirteen years until her death in 1964. Flannery was 39 when she passed away, and laid to rest in Memory Hill Cemetery in Milledgeville, Georgia. An interesting fact about her, she was fascinated by birds of all kinds and raised ducks, ostrich, emus, toucans, peacocks, and “any sort of exotic bird she could obtain,” according to Wikipedia. Among her close friends were two other famous American writers, Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop, and she maintained a close relationship and correspondence with her mom throughout her life. Rest in peace, Ms. O’Connor.
An amazing poem by George Herbert. I tried to figure out how to post it here with the proper indentation but that sounded impossible, so here’s the link: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/173626
From the Gospel according to Saint John:
“Jesus said to them, ‘I am the bread of life. Whoever comes to me will never be hungry, and whoever believes in me will never be thirsty. But I said to you that you have seen me and yet do not believe. Everything that the Father gives me will come to me, and anyone who comes to me I will never drive away. For I have come down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him who sent me, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but raise it up on the last day. This is indeed the will of my Father, that all who see the Son and believe in him may have eternal life, and I will raise them up on the last day.'” (John 6:35-40)
The term “archangel” is derived from the Greek word, “archángelos,” or “chief angel,” and is the title given to angels of the highest rank in God’s army. Michael and Gabriel are the most recognized archangels, followed by Raphael and Uriel, whom the Bible also mentions by name. Some branches of Christianity identify a group of seven archangels, although the names of the other three tend to vary depending on the source. The Eastern Orthodox Church honors these seven archangels plus an eighth, Jeremiel.
Michael ~ The name in Hebrew means “Who is like God?” or “Who is equal to God?” Michael is known as the commander of God’s army and the angel who cast Lucifer out of heaven. In the Epistle of Saint Jude it says, “But when the Archangel Michael contended with the devil and disputed about the body of Moses, he did not dare to bring a condemnation of slander against him, but said, ‘The Lord rebuke you!'” (Jude 1:8) Michael is often depicted wearing battle armor, holding a sword or a spear in one hand and a green palm branch in the other.
Gabriel ~ The name means “Man of God” or “Might of God,” and he is “the herald of God’s mysteries,” and especially of Jesus Christ’s incarnation. In the Gospel According to Saint Luke it is Gabriel who announces the birth of Jesus to the Virgin Mary. “In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, to a virgin engaged to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin’s name was Mary. And he came to her and said, ‘Greetings, favored one! The Lord is with you.’ But she was much perplexed by his words and pondered what sort of greeting this might be. The angel said to her, ‘Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And now, you will conceive and bear a son, and you will name him Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High, and the Lord God will give to him the throne of his ancestor David. He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of his kingdom there will be no end.'” (Luke 1:26-32)
Raphael ~ Raphael means “God’s healing,” or “God the Healer.” In the Book of Tobit he appears to Tobias and accompanies him on his journey. “So Tobias went out to look for a man to go with him to Media, someone who was acquainted with the way. He went out and found the angel Raphael standing in front of him, but he did not perceive that he was an angel of God.” Later Archangel Raphael tells Tobias’s father, Tobit, who is blind, “Take courage, the time is near for God to heal you, take courage.” (Tobit 5:4,10)
Uriel ~ The name Uriel means “Fire of God” or “Light of God.” He appears to the Prophet Ezra in the Book of Second Esdras, rebuking him for a lack of wisdom. “Then the angel that had been sent to me, whose name was Uriel, answered and said to me, ‘Your understanding has utterly failed regarding this world, and do you think you can comprehend the way of the Most High?'” (II Esdras 4:1-4) After Ezra responds wisely, Uriel says, “You have judged rightly, but why have you not judged so in your own case? For as the land has been assigned to the forest and the sea to its waves, so also those who inhabit the earth can understand only what is on the earth, and he who is above the heavens can understand what is above the height of the heavens.” (II Esdras 4:20-21) Archangel Uriel is often depicted with a sword in his right hand and fire in his left.
Selatiel ~ Selatiel means “Intercessor of God” or “Prayer of God.” Some Christian traditions consider him to be the angel in the Book of Revelation who pours out the prayers of the people before God’s throne. Selatiel is depicted in artwork with his head bowed and his hands folded in prayer.
Jegudiel ~ The name Jegudiel means “Glorifier of God,” and he is mentioned in the Book of Enoch. In paintings and icons he is shown holding a crown, the reward for successful spiritual labors.
Barachiel ~ The name Barachiel means “Blessing of God.” He appears in the Third Book of Enoch and is described as having charge over a large number of ministering angels. In artwork he is often shown holding a white rose in his hand.
Jeremiel ~ The Hebrew name, Jerahmeel, translates to “God’s exaltation.” He too appears in Second Esdras and speaks to the Prophet Ezra. Archangel Jeremiel is referred to again in the Book of Enoch as well as in other apocryphal writings. He is the eighth member of the group and is sometimes called an archangel.
* It should be noted that the Books of Esdras and the Book of Tobit are Apocryphal Books, and along with the Book of Enoch are not included in many Bibles. Thanks for reading, and thanks to Wikipedia.
Saint Patrick was born in Scotland in the year 387. His parents were Roman citizens living in Britain, which is where Saint Patrick lived until he was sixteen and a group of pirates took him away to Ireland where he was enslaved and made to work as a shepherd. During his time there Patrick devoted himself to prayer and learning about the Christian faith. In one of his letters he writes, “The love of God and his fear grew in me more and more, as did the faith, and my soul was rosed, so that, in a single day, I have said as many as a hundred prayers and in the night, nearly the same.” “I prayed in the woods and on the mountain, even before dawn. I felt no hurt from the snow or ice or rain.” After six years Patrick escaped and returned to Britain, studying Christianity and being ordained priest by Saint Germanus of Auxerre. Prompted by a divine vision, he returned to Ireland to educate the people there, who were primarily pagans and Druids, about the Gospel of Jesus Christ. For many years he worked and traveled, ministering, preaching, baptizing, building churches and ordaining other priests, suffering many trials and laboring tirelessly both for the Lord Jesus and for the Irish people. He died on March 17, 461, at Saul in Ireland, the place where he built his first church. Saint Patrick liked to use a shamrock to teach people about the Holy Trinity, the clover’s three leaves representing the three persons, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, united forever as one.